Periodontics revolves around problems with the tissue and bone surrounding teeth. While focusing on the teeth themselves is important, periodontal (gum) disease is very common and preventive measures should be taken.
Gum disease, which is what people commonly call periodontal disease, is a problem faced by many people, due to lack of brushing and flossing. Sometimes this gum disease just means inflammation that causes discomfort, but in other cases gum disease causes serious and lasting damage. In severe cases, bone and tissue that support teeth are damaged to the point that an individual loses teeth.
For this reason, dentists stress gum health, and will always monitor your gum health during your regular visits. Furthermore, cleaning gums regularly is the number one way to prevent periodontal disease.
Types of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is a common variety of gum disease. Plaque and the resulting tartar on teeth cause inflammation of the gums, and this is called gingivitis. Bacteria are always growing in the mouth, and gingivitis is a natural result of bacteria that aren’t kept at bay by flossing and brushing.
You can know that you are having problems with gingivitis when your gums are red and swollen, and bleed easily. Fortunately, if you catch the problem early, the issues can be reversed. A regular checkup with Dr. Meden will help you stay on top of gum health.
Advanced gingivitis is called periodontitis. When this happens, the gums actually begin to pull away from the teeth, and in the resulting space infection begins to set in. As this disease progresses, the bone and connective tissue surrounding the teeth begin to weaken, and the integrity of your smile is compromised. Your teeth may become loose or even need to be removed.
Certain factors make the gums more susceptible to weakening and inflammation. Smoking, diabetes and other illnesses are common contributing factors to gum problems. Hormonal changes in women is another factor. Certain medications can also cause issues. If you notice your gums becoming inflamed and bleeding easily, come see Dr. Meden.